Thứ Hai, 26 tháng 10, 2020

Tổng hợp câu lệnh RMAN trong Oracle Database

RMAN

rman

[ TARGET [=] ['] [userid][/[password]][@net_service_name] [']

| {CATALOG [=] ['] [userid][/[password]][@net_service_name] [']

| LOG [=] [']filename['] [APPEND]

...

]...

 

$ rman

$ rman NOCATALOG

$ rman TARGET SYS/pwd@target

$ rman TARGET SYS/pwd@target NOCATALOG

$ rman TARGET SYS/pwd@target LOG $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/my_log.log APPEND

$ rman CATALOG rman/pwd@catdb

$ rman TARGET=SYS/pwd@target CATALOG=rman/pwd@cat

$ rman TARGET / CATALOG rman/rman@cat

$ rman TARGET / SCRIPT dwh LOG /tmp/dwh.log

$ rman PIPE newpipe TARGET / TIMEOUT 90

$ rman @/my_dir/my_commands.txt

$ rman @backup_ts_generic.rman "/tmp" USERS

$ rman CMDFILE=backup_ts_users.rman

$ rman TARGET / @backup_db.rman

$ rman TARGET / CATALOG rman/pwd@cat CMDFILE cmdfile.rcv LOG outfile.txt

$ rman TARGET / CATALOG rman/pwd@cat DEBUG TRACE trace.log

$ rman TARGET SYS/pwd@prod CATALOG rman/rman@rcat @'/oracle/dbs/whole.rcv'

$ rman TARGET user/pwd CMDFILE=takefulldb.cmd @@takefulldb.cmd

$ rman CHECKSYNTAX @'/tmp/backup_db.cmd'

$ rman MSGNO

$ rman | tee rman.log

$ rman help=yes

 

@: Chạy 1 câu lệnh

@@: Chạy 1 câu lệnh trong cùng thư mục với lệnh khác đang chạy.

RMAN> @/my_dir/my_command_file.txt

RMAN> @/tmp/bkup_db.rman whole_db

RMAN> @backup_ts_generic.rman "/tmp" $1

RMAN> RUN {@backup_db.rman}

 

CONNECT

Thiết lập kết nối giữa RMAN và target, auxiliary, hay recovery catalog database.

RMAN> CONNECT TARGET;

RMAN> CONNECT TARGET /

RMAN> CONNECT TARGET sys@tgt;

RMAN> CONNECT TARGET sys/pwd@tgt;

RMAN> CONNECT CATALOG rman@catdb;

RMAN> CONNECT CATALOG rman/pwd@catdb;

RMAN> CONNECT AUXILIARY /

RMAN> CONNECT AUXILIARY rman@auxdb;

RMAN> CONNECT AUXILIARY rman/pwd@auxdb;

 

CREATE CATALOG

Tạo 1  Oracle schema cho hoạt đọng recovery catalog.

RMAN> CREATE CATALOG;

RMAN> CREATE CATALOG TABLESPACE rmants;

RMAN> CREATE VIRTUAL CATALOG; -- Oracle 11g R1

SQL> EXEC rman.DBMS_RCVCAT.CREATE_VIRTUAL_CATALOG; -- Oracle 11g R1

RMAN> SQL "EXEC catown.DBMS_RCVCAT.CREATE_VIRTUAL_CATALOG"; -- Oracle 11g R1

 

DROP CATALOG

Xoá Oracle schema từ the recovery catalog.

RMAN> DROP CATALOG;

 

RESYNC CATALOG

Thực hiện đồng bộ, tạo snapshot control file và copy tới vùng mới hoặc thay đổi vùng lưu snapshot control file tới recovery catalog.

RMAN> RESYNC CATALOG;

RMAN> RESYNC CATALOG FROM DB_UNIQUE_NAME prod_db;

RMAN> RESYNC CATALOG FROM DB_UNIQUE_NAME ALL;

 

UPGRADE CATALOG

Nâng cấp recovery catalog schema từ phiên bản cũ tới phiên bản yêu cầu bởi RMAN

RMAN> UPGRADE CATALOG;

 

 

IMPORT CATALOG

Import metadata từ 1 recovery catalog vào recovery catalog khác.

RMAN> IMPORT CATALOG cat@srcdb;

RMAN> IMPORT CATALOG rcat@inst DBID=2871507123;

RMAN> IMPORT CATALOG cat@srcdb DBID=1844750987, 61738563;

RMAN> IMPORT CATALOG cat@srcdb DB_NAME=prod2;

RMAN> IMPORT CATALOG cat@srcdb DB_NAME=prod3, prod4;

RMAN> IMPORT CATALOG rman/rman@catdb1 DB_NAME=prod1 NO UNREGISTER;

RMAN> IMPORT CATALOG rman/oracle@catdb1 NO UNREGISTER;

 

REGISTER

Đăng ký target database vào recovery catalog.

RMAN> REGISTER DATABASE;

RMAN> REGISTER CATALOG;

RMAN> REGISTER CATALOG TABLESPACE tbs-name;

 

 

 

UNREGISTER

Huỷ đăng ký Oracle database từ  recovery catalog.

RMAN> UNREGISTER DATABASE;

RMAN> UNREGISTER DATABASE NOPROMPT;

RMAN> UNREGISTER DATABASE prod1;

RMAN> UNREGISTER DATABASE prod2 NOPROMPT;

RMAN> UNREGISTER DB_UNIQUE_NAME prod2;

RMAN> UNREGISTER DB_UNIQUE_NAME prod1 NOPROMPT;

RMAN> UNREGISTER DB_UNIQUE_NAME prod2 INCLUDING BACKUPS;

RMAN> UNREGISTER DB_UNIQUE_NAME prod3 INCLUDING BACKUPS NOPROMPT;

 

 

 

GRANT

Quyền Grant tới 1 recovery catalog user.

RMAN> GRANT CATALOG FOR DATABASE prod1 TO vpc1; -- Oracle 11g R1

RMAN> GRANT REGISTER DATABASE TO bckop2;

RMAN> GRANT RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER TO rmanop1, rmanop3;

 

 

 

REVOKE

Quyền Revoke từ 1 recovery catalog user.

RMAN> REVOKE CATALOG FOR DATABASE prod1 FROM vpc1; -- Oracle 11g R1

RMAN> REVOKE REGISTER DATABASE FROM bckop2;

RMAN> REVOKE RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER FROM bckop;

 

 

 

RESET DATABASE

 

RMAN> RESET DATABASE TO INCARNATION 3;

 

 

 

STARTUP

Bật database, giống như SQL*Plus STARTUP.

RMAN> STARTUP;

RMAN> STARTUP PFILE=’/u01/app/oracle/admin/pfile/initsid.ora’

RMAN> STARTUP NOMOUNT;

RMAN> STARTUP MOUNT;

RMAN> STARTUP FORCE;

RMAN> STARTUP FORCE DBA;

RMAN> STARTUP FORCE DBA PFILE=c:\Oracle\Admin\pfile\init.ora;

RMAN> STARTUP FORCE NOMOUNT;

RMAN> STARTUP FORCE MOUNT DBA PFILE=/tmp/inittrgt.ora;

RMAN> STARTUP AUXILIARY nomount;

 

 

SHUTDOWN

Tắt database. Giống lệnh SQL*Plus SHUTDOWN

RMAN> SHUTDOWN;

RMAN> SHUTDOWN NORMAL;

RMAN> SHUTDOWN TRANSACTIONAL;

RMAN> SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE;

RMAN> SHUTDOWN ABORT;

 

 

 

ALTER DATABASE

Mount và open database

RMAN> ALTER DATABASE MOUNT;

RMAN> ALTER DATABASE OPEN;

RMAN> ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS;

 

 

 

SHOW

Hiển thị thiết lập CONFIGURE hiện tại

 

SHOW

{ RETENTION POLICY

| BACKUP OPTIMIZATION

| [DEFAULT] DEVICE TYPE

| CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP [FORMAT]

| [AUXILIARY] CHANNEL [FOR DEVICE TYPE deviceSpecifier]

| MAXSETSIZE

| DATAFILE BACKUP COPIES

| ARCHIVELOG [BACKUP COPIES|DELETION POLICY]

| AUXNAME

| EXCLUDE

| ENCRYPTION {ALGORITHM | FOR [DATABASE|TABLESPACE]}

| COMPRESSION ALGORITHM

| SNAPSHOT CONTROLFILE NAME

| DB_UNIQUE_NAME

| ALL

} FOR [DB_UNIQUE_NAME [‘db_unique_name’|ALL]];

 

RMAN> SHOW ALL;

CONFIGURE RETENTION POLICY TO REDUNDANCY 1; # default

CONFIGURE BACKUP OPTIMIZATION OFF; # default

CONFIGURE DEFAULT DEVICE TYPE TO DISK; # default

CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP OFF; # default

CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP FORMAT FOR DEVICE TYPE DISK TO '%F'; # default

CONFIGURE DEVICE TYPE DISK PARALLELISM 1 BACKUP TYPE TO BACKUPSET; # default

CONFIGURE DATAFILE BACKUP COPIES FOR DEVICE TYPE DISK TO 1; # default

CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG BACKUP COPIES FOR DISK TO 1; # default

CONFIGURE MAXSETSIZE TO UNLIMITED; # default

CONFIGURE DEVICE TYPE DISK PARALLELISM 1; # default

CONFIGURE DATAFILE BACKUP COPIES FOR SBT TO 1; # default

CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG BACKUP COPIES FOR SBT TO 1; # default

CONFIGURE ENCRYPTION FOR DATABASE OFF; # default

CONFIGURE ENCRYPTION ALGORITHM 'AES128'; # default

CONFIGURE COMPRESSION ALGORITHM 'BASIC' AS OF RELEASE 'DEFAULT' OPTIMIZE FOR LOAD TRUE; # default -- Oracle 11g R2

CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG DELETION POLICY TO NONE; # default

CONFIGURE SNAPSHOT CONTROLFILE NAME TO '.../dbs/snapcf_sid.f'; # default

 

%F = dbid, day, month, year and sequence

%U = %u_%p_%c

%u = eight characters of the backup set and time ...

%p = piece number within the backupset

%c = copy number of the backup piece ...

 

RMAN> SHOW RETENTION POLICY;

RMAN> SHOW RETENTION POLICY FOR DB_UNIQUE_NAME ALL;

RMAN> SHOW DEVICE TYPE;

RMAN> SHOW DEVICE TYPE FOR DB_UNIQUE_NAME prod3;

RMAN> SHOW DEFAULT DEVICE TYPE;

RMAN> SHOW CHANNEL;

RMAN> SHOW MAXSETSIZE;

RMAN> SHOW BACKUP OPTIMIZATION;

RMAN> SHOW SNAPSHOT CONTROLFILE NAME;

RMAN> SHOW CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP;

RMAN> SHOW COMPRESSION ALGORITHM;

RMAN> SHOW ENCRYPTION ALGORITHM;

RMAN> SHOW ALL FOR DB_UNIQUE_NAME ALL;

RMAN> SHOW ALL FOR DB_UNIQUE_NAME 'STANDBY';

 

 

CONFIGURE

Cấu hinh tham số RMAN cho mọi phiên RMAN

 

CONFIGURE deviceConf;

CONFIGURE backupConf;

CONFIGURE AUXNAME FOR DATAFILE datafileSpec {TO 'filename' | CLEAR};

CONFIGURE SNAPSHOT CONTROLFILE NAME {TO 'filename' | CLEAR};

CONFIGURE cfauConf;

CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG DELETION POLICY

   {CLEAR | TO {APPLIED ON [ALL] STANDBY | BACKED UP integer TIMES TO DEVICE TYPE deviceSpecifier | NONE | SHIPPED TO [ALL] STANDBY}

              [{APPLIED ON [ALL] STANDBY | BACKED UP integer TIMES TO DEVICE TYPE deviceSpecifier | NONE | SHIPPED TO [ALL] STANDBY}] …

   }

deviceConf::=

{ DEFAULT DEVICE TYPE { TO deviceSpec | CLEAR }

| DEVICE TYPE deviceSpec { PARALLELISM integer | CLEAR }

| [AUXILIARY] CHANNEL [integer] DEVICE TYPE deviceSpec {allocOperandList|CLEAR}

}

 

allocOperandList::=

{ PARMS [=] 'channel_parms'

| FORMAT [=] 'format_string' [, 'format_string']...

| { MAXPIECESIZE [=] integer | RATE [=] integer } [K | M | G]

...

}...

 

connectStringSpec::=

['] [userid] [/[password]] [@net_service_name] [']

 

backupConf::=

{RETENTION POLICY {TO {RECOVERY WINDOW OF integer DAYS

| REDUNDANCY [=] integer | NONE

}

| CLEAR

}

| MAXSETSIZE {TO {integer [K | M | G]| UNLIMITED}

| CLEAR

}

| {ARCHIVELOG | DATAFILE}

BACKUP COPIES FOR DEVICE TYPE deviceSpec {TO integer | CLEAR}

| BACKUP OPTIMIZATION {ON | OFF | CLEAR}

| EXCLUDE FOR TABLESPACE tablespace_name [CLEAR]

}

 

cfauConf::==

CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP {ON | OFF | CLEAR | FORMAT FOR DEVICE TYPE deviceSpec {TO 'format string'|CLEAR}}

 

RMAN> CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP ON;

RMAN> CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP OFF;

RMAN> CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP FORMAT FOR DEVICE TYPE DISK TO 'cf%F';

RMAN> CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP FORMAT FOR DEVICE TYPE DISK TO '+BACKUP';

RMAN> CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP FORMAT FOR DEVICE TYPE DISK CLEAR;

RMAN> CONFIGURE RETENTION POLICY TO REDUNDANCY 3;

RMAN> CONFIGURE RETENTION POLICY TO RECOVERY WINDOW OF 7 DAYS;

RMAN> CONFIGURE RETENTION POLICY CLEAR;

RMAN> CONFIGURE DATAFILE BACKUP COPIES FOR DEVICE TYPE DISK TO 2;

 

RMAN> CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG BACKUP COPIES FOR DEVICE TYPE DISK TO 2;

RMAN> CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG DELETION POLICY CLEAR;    --11g

RMAN> CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG DELETION POLICY TO NONE;

RMAN> CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG DELETION POLICY TO SHIPPED TO STANDBY;

RMAN> CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG DELETION POLICY TO SHIPPED TO ALL STANDBY;

RMAN> CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG DELETION POLICY TO APPLIED ON STANDBY;

RMAN> CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG DELETION POLICY TO APPLIED ON ALL STANDBY;

RMAN> CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG DELETION POLICY TO BACKED UP 2 TIMES TO sbt;

RMAN> CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG DELETION POLICY TO BACKED UP 3 TIMES TO disk;

RMAN> CONFIGURE DEFAULT DEVICE TYPE TO sbt;

RMAN> CONFIGURE DEFAULT DEVICE TYPE TO DISK;

RMAN> CONFIGURE DEVICE TYPE sbt PARALLELISM 3;

RMAN> CONFIGURE DEVICE TYPE DISK PARALLELISM 4;

RMAN> CONFIGURE DEVICE TYPE DISK PARALLELISM 3 BACKUP TYPE TO BACKUPSET;

RMAN> CONFIGURE DEVICE TYPE DISK BACKUP TYPE TO COMPRESSED BACKUPSET;

 

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE sbt;

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE sbt PARMS='ENV=mml_env_settings';

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE sbt PARMS 'ENV=(NSR_SERVER=bksrv1)';

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE sbt PARMS 'BLKSIZE=1048576';

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE sbt FORMAT 'bkup_%U';

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE sbt CLEAR;

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL 2 DEVICE TYPE sbt CONNECT 'SYS/pwd@node2' PARMS 'ENV=(NSR_SERVER=bksrv2)';

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE DISK FORMAT '/tmp/%U';

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE DISK FORMAT 'C:\backup\df%t_s%s_s%p';

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL 2 DEVICE TYPE DISK FORMAT '/backup/db_%s%d_%p';

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE DISK FORMAT CLEAR;

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE DISK DEBUG 5;

 

RMAN> CONFIGURE BACKUP OPTIMIZATION ON;

RMAN> CONFIGURE BACKUP OPTIMIZATION OFF;

RMAN> CONFIGURE SNAPSHOT CONTROLFILE NAME TO ‘/backup/snapcf_%d.f‘;

RMAN> CONFIGURE SNAPSHOT CONTROLFILE NAME TO ‘+FRA/snap/snapcf_%d.f‘;

RMAN> CONFIGURE SNAPSHOT CONTROLFILE NAME TO ‘/ocfs/oradata/snapcf‘;

RMAN> CONFIGURE SNAPSHOT CONTROLFILE NAME TO ‘/dev/sda‘;

RMAN> CONFIGURE MAXSETSIZE TO 100M;

RMAN> CONFIGURE MAXSETSIZE TO UNLIMITED;

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE sbt MAXPIECESIZE 1G;

RMAN> CONFIGURE EXCLUDE FOR TABLESPACE example;

RMAN> CONFIGURE EXCLUDE CLEAR;

RMAN> CONFIGURE AUXNAME FOR DATAFILE 4 TO '/oracle/auxfiles/aux_4.f';

RMAN> CONFIGURE AUXNAME FOR DATAFILE 2 CLEAR;

 

RMAN> CONFIGURE COMPRESSION ALGORITHM 'BZIP2';

RMAN> CONFIGURE COMPRESSION ALGORITHM 'ZLIB'; --Oracle 11g R1

RMAN> CONFIGURE COMPRESSION ALGORITHM 'LOW'; --11g R2, thuật toán LZO

RMAN> CONFIGURE COMPRESSION ALGORITHM 'MEDIUM'; --11g R2, thuật toán ZLIB

RMAN> CONFIGURE COMPRESSION ALGORITHM 'HIGH'; --11g R2, thuật toán BZIP2

RMAN> CONFIGURE COMPRESSION ALGORITHM 'BASIC'; --Oracle 11g R2, thuật toáno BZIP2

 

RMAN> CONFIGURE DB_UNIQUE_NAME 'standby' CONNECT IDENTIFIER 'standby_cs';

RMAN> CONFIGURE DEFAULT DEVICE TYPE TO DISK FOR DB_UNIQUE_NAME 'standby';

RMAN> CONFIGURE DEFAULT DEVICE TYPE TO DISK FOR DB_UNIQUE_NAME ALL;

RMAN> CONFIGURE DEFAULT DEVICE TYPE TO SBT FOR DB_UNIQUE_NAME po;

 

 

 

SET

Thiết lập giá trị cho các thuộc tính của RMAN

 

SET {set_rman_option [;] | set_run_option;}

 

set_rman_option::=

{ECHO {ON|OFF} | DBID [=] integer

| CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP FORMAT FOR DEVICE TYPE deviceSpec TO 'frmt_string'

 

set_run_option::=

{ NEWNAME FOR DATAFILE datafileSpec TO {'filename' | NEW}

| ARCHIVELOG DESTINATION TO 'log_archive_dest'

| untilClause

| COMMAND ID TO 'string'

| CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP FORMAT FOR DEVICE TYPE deviceSpec TO 'frmt_string'

...

}

 

ECHO - Hiển thị log

 

DBID - ID của DB. Lấy thông tin từ V$DATABASE hoặc RC_DATABASE.

 

NEWNAME FOR DATAFILE - Tên mặc định của lệnh RESTORE hay SWITCH mà ảnh hưởng đến những datafile xác định

 

MAXCORRUPT FOR DATAFILE - Giới hạn số lượng block vật lý bị lỗi cho phép của các datafile

 

AUTOLOCATE - Cấp phát channel để backup hoặc restore

 

RMAN> SET ECHO ON;

RMAN> SET ECHO OFF;

RMAN> SET DATABASE prod;

RMAN> SET DBID=4240978820;

RMAN> SET DBID 591329635;

RMAN> SET COMMAND ID TO 'rman';

RMAN> SET MAXCORRUPT FOR DATABASE TO 2;

RMAN> SET MAXCORRUPT FOR DATAFILE 13 TO 200;

RMAN> SET BACKUP COPIES = 2;

 

RMAN> SET NEWNAME FOR DATABASE TO '/oradata1/%b';

RMAN> SET NEWNAME FOR TABLESPACE users TO '/oradata2/%U';

RMAN> SET NEWNAME FOR DATAFILE 1 to ‘/oradata/system01.dbf’;

RMAN> SET NEWNAME FOR DATAFILE '/disk7/tbs11.f' TO '/disk9/tbs11.f';

RMAN> SET NEWNAME FOR TEMPFILE 1 TO '/newdisk/dbs/temp1.f';

 

RMAN> SET CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP FORMAT FOR DEVICE TYPE sbt TO 'cf_%F';

RMAN> SET CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP FORMAT FOR DEVICE TYPE DISK TO 'cf_%F.bak';

RMAN> SET UNTIL TIME ’04-23-2010:23:50:04’;

RMAN> SET ARCHIVELOG DESTINATION TO '/oracle/temp_restore';

RMAN> SET COMPRESSION ALGORITHM 'LOW';

RMAN> SET COMPRESSION ALGORITHM 'LOW' OPTIMIZE FOR LOAD FALSE;

RMAN> SET COMPRESSION ALGORITHM 'MEDIUM';

RMAN> SET COMPRESSION ALGORITHM 'HIGH';

 

 

BACKUP

Sao lưu Oracle database files, bản sao database files, archived logs, hay backup sets.

 

BACKUP FULL Options

BACKUP FULL AS (COPY | BACKUPSET) Options

BACKUP INCREMENTAL LEVEL [=] integer Options

BACKUP INCREMENTAL LEVEL [=] integer AS (COPY | BACKUPSET) Options

BACKUP AS (COPY | BACKUPSET) Options

BACKUP AS (COPY | BACKUPSET) (FULL | INCREMENTAL LEVEL [=] integer) Options

 

Options::=

[backupOperand [backupOperand]...] backupSpec [backupSpec]...

[PLUS ARCHIVELOG [backupSpecOperand [backupSpecOperand]...]];

 

backupOperand::=

{ FORMAT [=] 'format_string' [, 'format_string']...

| CHANNEL ['] channel_id [']

| CUMULATIVE

| MAXSETSIZE [=] integer [K | M | G]

| TAG [=] ['] tag_name [']

| keepOption

| SKIP {OFFLINE | READONLY | INACCESSIBLE}

| VALIDATE

| NOT BACKED UP [SINCE TIME [=] 'date_string']

| COPIES [=] integer

| DEVICE TYPE deviceSpecifier

...

}

 

backupSpec::=

[(]

{ BACKUPSET

{ {ALL | completedTimeSpec } | primary_key) [, primary_key]... }

| COPY OF { DATABASE

| TABLESPACE ['] tablespace_name ['] [, ['] tablespace_name [']]...

| DATAFILE datafileSpec [, datafileSpec]...

}

| DATAFILE datafileSpec [, datafileSpec]...

| DATAFILECOPY 'filename' [, 'filename']...

| DATAFILECOPY FROM TAG [=] ['] tag_name ['] [, ['] tag_name [']]...

| DATAFILECOPY { ALL | LIKE 'string_pattern' }

| TABLESPACE ['] tablespace_name ['] [, ['] tablespace_name [']]...

| DATABASE

| archivelogRecordSpecifier

| CURRENT CONTROLFILE [FOR STANDBY]

| CONTROLFILECOPY 'filename'

| SPFILE

}

[backupSpecOperand [backupSpecOperand]...]

 

backupSpecOperand::=

{ FORMAT [=] 'format_string' [, 'format_string']...

| CHANNEL ['] channel_id [']

| CUMULATIVE

| MAXSETSIZE [=] integer [K | M | G]

| TAG [=] ['] tag_name [']

| keepOption

| SKIP {OFFLINE | READONLY | INACCESSIBLE}

| NOT BACKED UP [SINCE TIME [=] 'date_string' | integer TIMES]

| DELETE [ALL] INPUT

...

}

 

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE TAG=’test backup’;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE COMMENT=’full backup’;

RMAN> BACKUP TAG 'weekly_full_db_bkup' DATABASE MAXSETSIZE 10M;

RMAN> BACKUP MAXSETSIZE 500M DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;

RMAN> BACKUP DURATION 00:60 DATABASE;

RMAN> BACKUP DURATION 00:30 MINIMIZE TIME DATABASE;

RMAN> BACKUP DURATION 00:45 MINIMIZE LOAD DATABASE;

 

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE KEEP FOREVER;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE KEEP UNTIL TIME=’SYSDATE+30’;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE UNTIL 'SYSDATE+365' NOLOGS;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE NOEXCLUDE;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE NOEXCLUDE KEEP FOREVER TAG=’abc’;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE SKIP READONLY;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE SKIP OFFLINE;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE SKIP INACCESSIBLE;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE SKIP READONLY SKIP OFFLINE SKIP INACCESSIBLE;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE FORCE; -- backup read only database also

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE NOT BACKED UP;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE NOT BACKED UP SINCE TIME=’SYSDATE–3’;

RMAN> BACKUP NOT BACKED UP SINCE TIME 'SYSDATE-10' MAXSETSIZE 500M DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;

 

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE COPIES=2;

RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE FORMAT '/disk1/backups/db_%U.bck'

TAG quarterly KEEP UNTIL TIME 'SYSDATE+365' RESTORE POINT Q1FY12;

RMAN> BACKUP DEVICE TYPE DISK DATABASE;

RMAN> BACKUP DEVICE TYPE sbt DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;

RMAN> BACKUP DEVICE TYPE sbt DATAFILECOPY FROM TAG 'latest' FORMAT 'df%f_%d';

RMAN> BACKUP DEVICE TYPE sbt ARCHIVELOG LIKE '/disk%arc%' DELETE ALL INPUT;

RMAN> BACKUP DEVICE TYPE sbt BACKUPSET COMPLETED BEFORE 'SYSDATE-14'DELETE INPUT;

RMAN> BACKUP CHECK LOGICAL DATABASE;

RMAN> BACKUP VALIDATE CHECK LOGICAL DATABASE;

RMAN> BACKUP VALIDATE DATABASE;

RMAN> BACKUP VALIDATE DATABASE ARCHIVELOG ALL;

 

RMAN> BACKUP TABLESPACE test;

RMAN> BACKUP TABLESPACE system, users, tools;

RMAN> BACKUP TABLESPACE 4;

RMAN> BACKUP TABLESPACE gld PLUS ARCHIVELOG;

RMAN> BACKUP TABLESPACE invd INCLUDE CURRENT CONTROLFILE;

RMAN> BACKUP TABLESPACE appsd INCLUDE CURRENT CONTROLFILE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;

RMAN> BACKUP TABLESPACE dwh SECTION SIZE 100M;

RMAN> BACKUP SECTION SIZE 250M TABLESPACE datamart;

 

RMAN> BACKUP DATAFILE 1;

RMAN> BACKUP DATAFILE 3, 2, 14;

RMAN> BACKUP DATAFILE ‘/u01/data/...’;

RMAN> BACKUP DATAFILE 1 PLUS ARCHIVELOG;

RMAN> BACKUP KEEP FOREVER FORMAT '?/dbs/%U_longterm.cpy' TAG longterm_bck DATAFILE 1 DATAFILE 2;

RMAN> BACKUP SECTION SIZE 500M DATAFILE 6;

 

RMAN> BACKUP ARCHIVELOG ALL;

RMAN> BACKUP ARCHIVELOG ALL DELETE INPUT;

RMAN> BACKUP ARCHIVELOG LIKE '/arch%' DELETE ALL INPUT;

RMAN> BACKUP ARCHIVELOG FROM TIME ‘SYSDATE–3’;

RMAN> BACKUP ARCHIVELOG FROM SEQUENCE 100;

RMAN> BACKUP ARCHIVELOG FROM SEQUENCE 999 DELETE INPUT;

RMAN> BACKUP ARCHIVELOG FROM SEQUENCE 123 DELETE ALL INPUT;

RMAN> BACKUP ARCHIVELOG FROM SEQUENCE 21531 UNTIL SEQUENCE 21590 FORMAT '/tmp/archive_backup.bkp';

RMAN> BACKUP ARCHIVELOG ALL FROM SEQUENCE 1200 DELETE ALL INPUT;

RMAN> BACKUP ARCHIVELOG NOT BACKED UP 2 TIMES;

RMAN> BACKUP ARCHIVELOG COMPLETION TIME BETWEEN 'SYSDATE-28' AND 'SYSDATE-7';

RMAN> BACKUP FORMAT='AL_%d/%t/%s/%p' ARCHIVELOG LIKE '%arc_dest%';

 

RMAN> BACKUP CURRENT CONTROLFILE;

hoặc

RMAN> SQL “ALTER DATABASE BACKUP CONTROLFILE TO ’’/u01/ .../bkctl.ctl’’ “;

 

RMAN> BACKUP CURRENT CONTROLFILE TO '/backup/cntrlfile.copy';

RMAN> BACKUP CONTROLFILE COPY ‘/u10/backup/control.bkp’;

RMAN> BACKUP SPFILE;

RMAN> BACKUP DEVICE TYPE sbt SPFILE ARCHIVELOG ALL;

RMAN> BACKUP DEVICE TYPE sbt DATAFILECOPY ALL NODUPLICATES;

 

RMAN> BACKUP RECOVERY FILES;

 

BACKUP set: Tập những datafile, archivelog

RMAN> BACKUP BACKUPSET ALL;

RMAN> BACKUP BACKUPSET ALL FORMAT = ‘/u01/.../backup_%u.bak’;

RMAN> BACKUP BACKUPSET COMPLETED BEFORE ‘SYSDATE-3’ DELETE INPUT;

RMAN> BACKUP DEVICE TYPE sbt BACKUPSET COMPLETED BEFORE 'SYSDATE-14' DELETE INPUT;

RMAN> BACKUP COPIES 2 DEVICE TYPE sbt BACKUPSET ALL;

RMAN> BACKUP AS COMPRESSED BACKUPSET;

RMAN> BACKUP AS COMPRESSED BACKUPSET DEVICE TYPE DISK COPIES 2 DATABASE FORMAT '/disk1/db_%U', '/disk2/db_%U';

RMAN> BACKUP AS COMPRESSED BACKUPSET INCREMENTAL FROM SCN 4111140000000 DATABASE TAG 'RMAN_RECOVERY';

RMAN> BACKUP AS BACKUPSET DATAFILE '$ORACLE_HOME/oradata/users01.dbf','$ORACLE_HOME/oradata/tools01.dbf';

RMAN> BACKUP AS BACKUPSET DATAFILECOPY ALL;

RMAN> BACKUP AS BACKUPSET DATAFILECOPY ALL NODUPLICATES;

 

IMAGE copy (Giống copy từng bit của lệnh cp, ưu điểm restore nhanh)

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY DATABASE;

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY COPY OF DATABASE FROM TAG 'test' CHECK LOGICAL TAG 'duptest';

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY TABLESPACE 8;

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY TABLESPACE test;

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY TABLESPACE system, tools, users, undotbs;

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY DATAFILE 1;

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY DATAFILE 2 FORMAT '/disk2/df2.cpy' TAG my_tag;

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY CURRENT CONTROLFILE;

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY CURRENT CONTROLFILE FORMAT ‘/....’;

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY ARCHIVELOG ALL;

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY KEEP FOREVER NOLOGS CURRENT CONTROLFILE FORMAT '?/oradata/cf_longterm.cpy', DATAFILE 1 FORMAT '?/oradata/df1_longterm.cpy', DATAFILE 2 FORMAT '?/oradata/df2_longterm.cpy';

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY DATAFILECOPY 'bar' FORMAT 'foobar';

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY DATAFILECOPY '/disk2/df2.cpy' FORMAT '/disk1/df2.cpy';

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY REUSE TARGETFILE '/u01/oracle/11.2.0.2/dbs/orapwcrd' AUXILIARY FORMAT '/u01/oracle/11.2.0.2/dbs/orapwcrd';

RMAN> BACKUP AS COPY CURRENT CONTROLFILE FOR STANDBY AUXILIARY format '+DATA/crd/data1/control01.ctl';

 

Incremental backups

RMAN> BACKUP INCREMENTAL LEVEL=0 DATABASE;

RMAN> BACKUP INCREMENTAL LEVEL=1 DATABASE;

RMAN> BACKUP INCREMENTAL LEVEL=0 DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;

RMAN> BACKUP INCREMENTAL LEVEL 1 CUMULATIVE SKIP INACCESSIBLE DATABASE;

RMAN> BACKUP INCREMENTAL LEVEL 1 FOR RECOVER OF COPY WITH TAG 'incr' DATABASE;

RMAN> BACKUP DEVICE TYPE DISK INCREMENTAL LEVEL 1 FOR RECOVER OF COPY WITH TAG 'oltp' DATABASE;

RMAN> BACKUP DEVICE TYPE DISK INCREMENTAL FROM SCN 351986 DATABASE FORMAT '/tmp/incr_standby_%U';

RMAN> BACKUP INCREMENTAL FROM SCN 629184 DATAFILE 5 FORMAT '/tmp/ForStandby_%U' TAG 'FORSTANDBY';

 

RMAN> BACKUP INCREMENTAL LEVEL = --- tablespace/datafile

RMAN> BACKUP BLOCKS ALL CHECK LOGICAL VALIDATE DATAFILE 1398;

 

LIST

Liệt kê chi tiết backup sets hay các bản copy

 

LIST

{ INCARNATION [OF DATABASE [[']database_name[']]]

| [EXPIRED] {listObjectSpec

[ maintQualifier | RECOVERABLE [untilClause] ]... | recordSpec}

};

 

listObjectSpec::=

{BACKUP [OF listObjectList] [listBackupOption] | COPY [OF listObjectList] | archivelogRecordSpecifier}

 

listObjectList::=

[ DATAFILE datafileSpec [, datafileSpec]...

| TABLESPACE [']tablespace_name['] [, [']tablespace_name[']]...

| archivelogRecordSpecifier

| DATABASE [SKIP TABLESPACE [']tablespace_name['] [, [']tablespace_name[']] ...]

| CONTROLFILE

| SPFILE

]...

 

listBackupOption::=

[[BY BACKUP] [VERBOSE] | SUMMARY | BY {BACKUP SUMMARY|FILE}]

 

RMAN> LIST INCARNATION;

RMAN> LIST INCARNATION OF DATABASE;

RMAN> LIST INCARNATION OF DATABASE vis;

RMAN> LIST DB_UNIQUE_NAME ALL;

RMAN> LIST DB_UNIQUE_NAME OF DATABASE;

 

RMAN> LIST BACKUP;

RMAN> LIST BACKUP SUMMARY;

RMAN> LIST BACKUP BY FILE;

RMAN> LIST BACKUP OF DATABASE;

RMAN> LIST BACKUP OF DATABASE BY BACKUP;

RMAN> LIST BACKUP OF TABLESPACE test SUMMARY;

RMAN> LIST BACKUP OF DATAFILE 65;

RMAN> LIST BACKUP OF DATAFILE 11 SUMMARY;

RMAN> LIST BACKUP OF CONTROLFILE;

RMAN> LIST BACKUP OF ARCHIVELOG FROM SEQUENCE 2222;

RMAN> LIST BACKUP OF ARCHIVELOG FROM TIME 'sysdate-1';

RMAN> LIST BACKUP OF ARCHIVELOG ALL COMPLETED BEFORE 'sysdate-2';

RMAN> LIST BACKUP RECOVERABLE;

RMAN> LIST EXPIRED BACKUP;

RMAN> LIST EXPIRED BACKUP OF ARCHIVELOG ALL SUMMARY;

 

RMAN> LIST COPY;

RMAN> LIST COPY OF DATABASE ARCHIVELOG ALL;

RMAN> LIST COPY OF TABLESPACE appl_idx;

RMAN> LIST COPY OF DATAFILE 11, 60, 98;

RMAN> LIST COPY OF CONTROLFILE;

RMAN> LIST EXPIRED COPY;

 

RMAN> LIST BACKUPSET SUMMARY;

RMAN> LIST BACKUPSET 109;

RMAN> LIST BACKUPSET OF DATAFILE 1;

RMAN> LIST ARCHIVELOG;

RMAN> LIST ARCHIVELOG ALL LIKE '%5515%';

RMAN> LIST CONTROLFILECOPY "/tmp/cntrlfile.copy";

 

RMAN> LIST SCRIPT NAMES;

RMAN> LIST ALL SCRIPT NAMES;

RMAN> LIST GLOBAL SCRIPT NAMES;

 

RMAN> LIST FAILURE; -- 11g R1

RMAN> LIST FAILURE 420 DETAIL; -- 11g R1

RMAN> LIST FAILURE ALL; -- 11g R1

 

 

RMAN> LIST RESTORE POINT ALL;

 

REPORT

Báo cáo trạng thái backup : database, files, và backups. Thực hiện phân tích chi tiết các file trong  ecovery catalog.

 

REPORT

{{NEED BACKUP [{INCREMENTAL | DAYS} [=] integer| REDUNDANCY [=] integer | RECOVERY WINDOW OF integer DAYS)]

| UNRECOVERABLE

}

reportObject

| SCHEMA [atClause]

| OBSOLETE [obsOperandList]

}

[DEVICE TYPE deviceSpecifier [,deviceSpecifier]... ]

 

reportObject::=

[ DATAFILE datafileSpec [, datafileSpec]...

| TABLESPACE [']tablespace_name['] [, [']tablespace_name[']] ...

| DATABASE [SKIP TABLESPACE [']tablespace_name['] [, [']tablespace_name[']] ...]

]

 

atClause::=

{AT TIME [=] 'date_string' | AT SCN [=] integer|AT SEQUENCE [=] integer THREAD [=] integer

}

 

obsOperandList::=

[REDUNDANCY [=] integer | RECOVERY WINDOW OF integer DAYS | ORPHAN]...

 

RMAN> REPORT OBSOLETE;

RMAN> REPORT NEED BACKUP;

RMAN> REPORT NEED BACKUP DAYS=5;

RMAN> REPORT NEED BACKUP REDUNDANCY=3;

RMAN> REPORT NEED BACKUP RECOVERY WINDOW OF 7 DAYS;

RMAN> REPORT NEED BACKUP DATABASE;

RMAN> REPORT NEED BACKUP INCREMENTAL 1;

RMAN> REPORT UNRECOVERABLE;

RMAN> REPORT SCHEMA;

RMAN> REPORT SCHEMA AT TIME 'sysdate-20/1440';

 

 

CHANGE

Cập nhật trạng thái backup trong kho RMAN. Đánh dấu  backup piece, image copy, hay archived redo log về trạng thái UNAVAILABLE hay AVAILABLE; xoá bản ghi trong repository về backup hay copy; ghi đè chính sách retention policycho việc backup hay copy; cập nhật recovery catalog với DB_UNIQUE_NAME cho target database.

 

CHANGE {BACKUP | COPY} [OF listObjList] [maintQualifier [maintQualifier]...]

{AVAILABLE | UNAVAILABLE | UNCATALOG | keepOption}

[DEVICE TYPE deviceSpecifier [, deviceSpecifier]...];

 

CHANGE archivelogRecordSpecifier {AVAILABLE | UNAVAILABLE | UNCATALOG | keepOption}

[DEVICE TYPE deviceSpecifier [, deviceSpecifier]...];

 

CHANGE recordSpec [DEVICE TYPE deviceSpecifier [, deviceSpecifier]...

{AVAILABLE | UNAVAILABLE | UNCATALOG | keepOption}

[DEVICE TYPE deviceSpecifier [, deviceSpecifier]...];

 

listObjList::=

[DATAFILE datafileSpec [, datafileSpec]...

| TABLESPACE ['] tablespace_name ['] [, ['] tablespace_name [']]...

| archivelogRecordSpecifier

| DATABASE [SKIP TABLESPACE [']tablespace_name['] [, [']tablespace_name[']] ...]

| CONTROLFILE

| SPFILE

]...

 

recordSpec::=

{{BACKUPPIECE | PROXY}

{'media_handle' [, 'media_handle']... | primary_key [, primary_key]... | TAG [=] ['] tag_name [']

}

| BACKUPSET primary_key [, primary_key]...

| {CONTROLFILECOPY | DATAFILECOPY}

{{primary_key [, primary_key]... | 'filename' [, 'filename']...}

| TAG [=] ['] tag_name ['] [, ['] tag_name [']]...

}

| ARCHIVELOG {primary_key [, primary_key]... | 'filename' [, 'filename']...}

}

 

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUPSET 666 KEEP FOREVER;

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUPSET 431 KEEP FOREVER NOLOGS;

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUPSET 100 UNAVAILABLE;

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUPSET 123 NOKEEP;

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUPSET 121,122,127,203,300 UNCATALOG;

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUP OF DATABASE TAG=’abc’ UNAVAILABLE;

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUP OF DATABASE DEVICE TYPE DISK UNAVAILABLE;

RMAN> CHANGE COPY OF DATABASE CONTROLFILE NOKEEP;

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUP OF SPFILE COMPLETED BEFORE 'SYSDATE-3' UNAVAILABLE;

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUP TAG 'consistent_db_bkup' KEEP FOREVER;

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUP TAG 'consistent_db_bkup' DATABASE KEEP FOREVER;

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUP TAG 'consistent_db_bkup' KEEP FOREVER NOLOGS;

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUP TAG 'consistent_db_bkup' NOKEEP;

 

RMAN> CHANGE ARCHIVELOG ALL UNCATALOG;

RMAN> CHANGE CONTROLFILECOPY '/tmp/cf.cpy' UNCATALOG;

RMAN> CHANGE FAILURE 5 PRIORITY LOW;

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUP FOR DB_UNIQUE_NAME standby1 RESET DB_UNIQUE_NAME;

RMAN> CHANGE BACKUP FOR DB_UNIQUE_NAME standby3 RESET DB_UNIQUE_NAME TO standby2;

RMAN> CHANGE DB_UNIQUE_NAME FROM rdbms4 TO rdbms_dev;

 

 

CROSSCHECK

Check các file quản lý bởi RMAN, ví dụ như archived logs, datafile copies, và backup pieces, vẫn còn trên đĩa hay tape

 

CROSSCHECK

{{BACKUP [OF listObjList] | COPY [OF listObjList] | archivelogRecordSpecifier} [maintQualifier [maintQualifier]...]

| recordSpec [DEVICE TYPE deviceSpecifier [, deviceSpecifier]...]

};

 

listObjList::=

[ DATAFILE datafileSpec [, datafileSpec]...

| TABLESPACE ['] tablespace_name ['] [, ['] tablespace_name [']]...

| archivelogRecordSpecifier

| DATABASE [SKIP TABLESPACE [']tablespace_name['] [, [']tablespace_name[']] ...]

| CONTROLFILE

| SPFILE

]...

 

recordSpec::=

{{ BACKUPPIECE | PROXY }

{ 'media_handle' [, 'media_handle']...| primary_key [, primary_key]... | TAG [=] ['] tag_name ['] }

| BACKUPSET primary_key [, primary_key]...

| { CONTROLFILECOPY | DATAFILECOPY }

{ {primary_key [, primary_key]... | 'filename' [, 'filename']...}

| TAG [=] ['] tag_name ['] [, ['] tag_name [']]...

}

| ARCHIVELOG { primary_key [, primary_key]... | 'filename' [, 'filename']... }

}

 

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP TAG=’full db’;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP COMPLETED BETWEEN ‘SYSDATE-7’ AND ‘SYSDATE–1’;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP COMPLETED BETWEEN '01-JAN-10' AND '14-FEB-10';

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP DEVICE TYPE sbt COMPLETED BETWEEN '01-AUG-09' AND '31-DEC-09';

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP DEVICE TYPE DISK COMPLETED BETWEEN '01-JAN-10' AND '23-MAR-10';

 

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP OF DATABASE;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP OF TABLESPACE warehouse;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP OF TABLESPACE userd COMPLETED BEFORE 'SYSDATE-14';

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP OF TABLESPACES gld, invd;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP OF DATAFILE 9;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP OF DATAFILE 4 COMPLETED AFTER 'SYSDATE-14';

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP OF DATAFILE "?/oradata/dwh/system01.dbf" COMPLETED AFTER 'SYSDATE-14';

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP OF CONTROLFILE;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP OF SPFILE;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP OF ARCHIVELOG ALL;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUP OF ARCHIVELOG ALL SPFILE;

 

RMAN> CROSSCHECK COPY;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK COPY OF DATABASE;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK DATAFILECOPY 113, 114, 115;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK CONTROLFILECOPY '/tmp/control01.ctl';

RMAN> CROSSCHECK ARCHIVELOG ALL;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUPSET;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUPSET 1338, 1339, 1340;

RMAN> CROSSCHECK BACKUPPIECE TAG = 'nightly_backup';

RMAN> CROSSCHECK PROXY 789;

 

SQL

Thực hiện câu lệnh SQL trong RMAN

 

SQL [CHANNEL ‘channel_id’] ‘command’;

 

RMAN> SQL 'ALTER TABLESPACE users ONLINE';

RMAN> SQL 'ALTER DATABASE DATAFILE 64 OFFLINE';

RMAN> SQL "ALTER SYSTEM ARCHIVE LOG CURRENT";

RMAN> SQL "ALTER SYSTEM SWITCH LOGFILE";

RMAN> SQL "ALTER DATABASE BACKUP CONTROLFILE TO TRACE";

RMAN> SQL "ALTER TABLESPACE users ADD DATAFILE ''/disk1/ora/users02.dbf'' SIZE 100K AUTOEXTEND ON NEXT 10K MAXSIZE 100K";

 

 

 

RESTORE

Khô phục lại các file từ bản backup set hay từ bản copy trên đĩa tới phân vùng mặc định hoặc phân vùng mới

 

RESTORE

[(] restoreObject [(restoreSpecOperand [restoreSpecOperand]...] [)]...

[ CHANNEL ['] channel_id [']

| PARMS [=] 'channel_parms'

| FROM { BACKUPSET | DATAFILECOPY }

| untilClause

| FROM TAG [=] ['] tag_name [']

| VALIDATE

| DEVICE TYPE deviceSpecifier [, deviceSpecifier]...

]...;

 

restoreObject::=

{ CONTROLFILE [TO 'filename']

| DATABASE [SKIP [FOREVER] TABLESPACE [']tablespace_name['] [, [']tablespace_name[']] ...]

| DATAFILE datafileSpec [, datafileSpec]...

| TABLESPACE ['] tablespace_name ['] [, ['] tablespace_name [']]...

| archivelogRecordSpecifier

| SPFILE [TO [PFILE] 'filename']

}

 

restoreSpecOperand::=

{ CHANNEL ['] channel_id ['] | FROM TAG [=] ['] tag_name ['] | PARMS [=] 'channel_parms'

| FROM {AUTOBACKUP [{MAXSEQ | MAXDAYS} [=] integer)]... | 'media_handle'}

}

 

RMAN> RESTORE DATABASE;

RMAN> RESTORE DATABASE VALIDATE;

RMAN> RESTORE DATABASE PREVIEW;

RMAN> RESTORE DATABASE PREVIEW SUMMARY;

RMAN> RESTORE DATABASE SKIP TABLESPACE temp, history;

RMAN> RESTORE DATABASE UNTIL SCN 154876;

 

RMAN> RESTORE TABLESPACE users;

RMAN> RESTORE TABLESPACE dwh1, dwh2;

RMAN> RESTORE TABLESPACE tbs1 PREVIEW;

RMAN> RESTORE TABLESPACE users VALIDATE;

 

RMAN> RESTORE DATAFILE 45;

RMAN> RESTORE DATAFILE 23 PREVIEW;

RMAN> RESTORE DATAFILE 12 VALIDATE;

 

RMAN> RESTORE CONTROLFILE;

RMAN> RESTORE CONTROLFILE FROM AUTOBACKUP;

RMAN> RESTORE CONTROLFILE FROM TAG 'monday_cf_backup';

RMAN> RESTORE CONTROLFILE FROM '/u01/control01.ctl';

RMAN> RESTORE CONTROLFILE VALIDATE;

RMAN> RESTORE CONTROLFILE TO '/tmp/autobkp.dbf' FROM AUTOBACKUP MAXSEQ 20 MAXDAYS 150;

 

RMAN> RESTORE SPFILE;

RMAN> RESTORE SPFILE FROM AUTOBACKUP;

RMAN> RESTORE ARCHIVELOG ALL VALIDATE;

RMAN> RESTORE ARCHIVELOG ALL PREVIEW;

RMAN> RESTORE ARCHIVELOG ALL PREVIEW RECALL;

RMAN> RESTORE ARCHIVELOG ALL DEVICE TYPE sbt PREVIEW;

RMAN> RESTORE ARCHIVELOG LOW LOGSEQ 78311 HIGH LOGSEQ 78340 THREAD 1 ALL;

RMAN> RESTORE ARCHIVELOG FROM LOGSEQ=21531 UNTIL LOGSEQ=21590;

RMAN> RESTORE STANDBY CONTROLFILE FROM TAG 'forstandby';

RMAN> RESTORE CLONE CONTROLFILE TO '+DATA/pcrd/data2/control02.ctl' FROM '+DATA/pcrd/data1/control01.ctl';

Restore the control file, (to all locations specified in the parameter file) then restore the database, using that control file:

STARTUP NOMOUNT;

RUN

{

ALLOCATE CHANNEL c1 DEVICE TYPE sbt;

RESTORE CONTROLFILE;

ALTER DATABASE MOUNT;

RESTORE DATABASE;

}

 

 

 

RECOVER

Thực hiện phục hồi dữ liệu từ bản RMAN backups hoặc bản copies. Apply những redo entry trong redo log files/archived redo log và  incremental backups tới các datafiles hoặc data blocks được khôi phục từ bản backup hay bản datafile copy, để cập nhật với thời gian xác định.

 

RECOVER [DEVICE TYPE deviceSpecifier [, deviceSpecifier]...]

recoverObject [recoverOptionList];

 

recoverObject::=

{ DATABASE

[ untilClause

| [untilClause] SKIP [FOREVER] TABLESPACE [']tablespace_name['] [, [']tablespace_name[']] ...]

| TABLESPACE [']tablespace_name['] [, [']tablespace_name[']]...

| DATAFILE datafileSpec [, datafileSpec]...

}

 

recoverOptionList::=

{ DELETE ARCHIVELOG [MAXSIZE {integer [K | M | G]}]

| CHECK READONLY

| NOREDO

| {FROM TAG | ARCHIVELOG TAG} [=] ['] tag_name [']

...

}

 

RMAN> RECOVER DATABASE;

RMAN> RECOVER DATABASE NOREDO;

RMAN> RECOVER DATABASE SKIP TABLESPACE temp;

RMAN> RECOVER DATABASE SKIP FOREVER TABLESPACE exam;

RMAN> RECOVER DATABASE UNTIL SCN 154876;

 

RMAN> RECOVER TABLESPACE users;

RMAN> RECOVER TABLESPACE dwh DELETE ARCHIVELOG MAXSIZE 2M;

RMAN> RECOVER DATAFILE 33;

RMAN> RECOVER DATAFILE 3 BLOCK 116 DATAFILE 4 BLOCK 10;

RMAN> RECOVER DATAFILE 2 BLOCK 204 DATAFILE 9 BLOCK 109 FROM TAG=sundaynight;

RMAN> RECOVER DATAFILECOPY '/disk1/img.df' UNTIL TIME 'SYSDATE-7';

RMAN> RECOVER COPY OF DATABASE WITH TAG 'incr';

RMAN> RECOVER COPY OF DATABASE WITH TAG 'upd' UNTIL TIME 'SYSDATE - 7';

RMAN> RECOVER CORRUPTION LIST;

 

Khôi phục và phục hồi toàn bộ  database

RMAN> STARTUP FORCE MOUNT;

RMAN> RESTORE DATABASE;

RMAN> RECOVER DATABASE;

RMAN> ALTER DATABASE OPEN;

 

Khôi phục và phục hồi 1  tablespace

RMAN> SQL 'ALTER TABLESPACE users OFFLINE';

RMAN> RESTORE TABLESPACE users;

RMAN> RECOVER TABLESPACE users;

RMAN> SQL 'ALTER TABLESPACE users ONLINE';

 

Khôi phục và phục hồi 1 datafile

RMAN> SQL 'ALTER DATABASE DATAFILE 64 OFFLINE';

RMAN> RESTORE DATAFILE 64;

RMAN> RECOVER DATAFILE 64;

RMAN> SQL 'ALTER DATABASE DATAFILE 64 ONLINE';

 

Các bước thực hiện recovery:

1. Mount hay open Oracle database. Mount database khi thực hiện phục hồi toàn bộ database, hay open database khi thực hiện online tablespace/datafile recovery.

2. Thực hiện phục hồi không đầy đủ (incomplete recovery), sử dụng lệnh SET UNTIL để xác định thời gian, SCN, hay log sequence number mà quá trình phục hồi kết thúc. Có thể thay bằng mệnh đề UNTIL trong lệnh RESTORE và RECOVER.

3. Khôi phục những datafile cần thiết với lệnh RESTORE

4. Phục hồi các datafile với lệnh RECOVER

5. Đặt database trong chế độ hoạt động  bình thường. Ví dụ, open hay đặt tablespaces/datafiles vào chế độ online.

 

DELETE

Xoá bản backups và copies, xoá các tham chiếu  tới từ recovery catalog, và cập nhật những bản ghi control file về trạng thái DELETED.

 

DELETE [FORCE] [NOPROMPT]

{[EXPIRED]

{

{BACKUP [OF listObjectList] | COPY [OF listObectjList] | archivelogRecordSpecifier

} [maintQualifier [maintQualifier]...]

| recordSpec [DEVICE TYPE deviceSpecifier [, deviceSpecifier]...]

}

| OBSOLETE [REDUNDANCY [=] integer | RECOVERY WINDOW OF integer DAYS | ORPHAN] [DEVICE TYPE (deviceSpecifier [, deviceSpecifier]...]

};

 

recordSpec::=

{ { BACKUPPIECE | PROXY }

{ 'media_handle' [, 'media_handle']...| primary_key [, primary_key]...| TAG [=] ['] tag_name ['] }

| BACKUPSET primary_key [, primary_key]...

| { CONTROLFILECOPY | DATAFILECOPY }

{ {primary_key [, primary_key]... | 'filename' [, 'filename']...}

| TAG [=] ['] tag_name ['] [, ['] tag_name [']]...

}

| ARCHIVELOG { primary_key [, primary_key]... | 'filename' [, 'filename']... }

 

listObjectList::=

[ DATAFILE datafileSpec [, datafileSpec]...

| TABLESPACE ['] tablespace_name ['] [, ['] tablespace_name [']]...

| archivelogRecordSpecifier

| DATABASE [SKIP TABLESPACE [']tablespace_name['] [, [']tablespace_name[']] ...]

| CONTROLFILE

| SPFILE

]...

 

RMAN> DELETE OBSOLETE;

RMAN> DELETE NOPROMPT OBSOLETE;

RMAN> DELETE NOPROMPT OBSOLETE RECOVERY WINDOW OF 7 DAYS;

RMAN> DELETE EXPIRED BACKUP;

RMAN> DELETE EXPIRED BACKUP DEVICE TYPE sbt;

RMAN> DELETE BACKUP OF DATABASE LIKE '/tmp%';

RMAN> DELETE NOPROMPT EXPIRED BACKUP OF TABLESPACE userd COMPLETED BEFORE 'SYSDATE-14';

RMAN> DELETE BACKUP OF SPFILE TABLESPACE users DEVICE TYPE SBT;

 

RMAN> DELETE ARCHIVELOG ALL;

RMAN> DELETE ARCHIVELOG ALL COMPLETED BEFORE 'sysdate-2';

RMAN> DELETE ARCHIVELOG ALL BACKED UP 2 TIMES TO DEVICE TYPE SBT;

RMAN> DELETE ARCHIVELOG ALL LIKE '%755153075%';

RMAN> DELETE ARCHIVELOG UNTIL SEQUENCE=79228;

RMAN> DELETE FORCE ARCHIVELOG ALL COMPLETED BEFORE 'sysdate-1.5';

RMAN> DELETE FORCE ARCHIVELOG UNTIL SEQUENCE=16364;

RMAN> DELETE NOPROMPT ARCHIVELOG UNTIL SEQUENCE = 7300;

RMAN> DELETE EXPIRED ARCHIVELOG ALL;

RMAN> DELETE NOPROMPT EXPIRED ARCHIVELOG ALL;

RMAN> DELETE BACKUPSET 101, 102, 103;

RMAN> DELETE NOPROMPT BACKUPSET TAG weekly_bkup;

RMAN> DELETE FORCE NOPROMPT BACKUPSET TAG weekly_bkup;

 

RMAN> DELETE DATAFILECOPY "+DG_DATA/db/datafile/system.259.699468079";

RMAN> DELETE CONTROLFILECOPY '/tmp/cntrlfile.copy';

RMAN> DELETE BACKUP DEVICE TYPE SBT;

RMAN> DELETE BACKUP DEVICE TYPE DISK;

RMAN> DELETE COPY;

RMAN> DELETE EXPIRED COPY;

RMAN> DELETE COPY TAG 'lastest';

 

 

DROP DATABASE

Xoá target database từ đĩa và huỷ đăng ký

RMAN> DROP DATABASE;

RMAN> DROP DATABASE NOPROMPT;

RMAN> DROP DATABASE INCLUDING BACKUPS;

RMAN> DROP DATABASE INCLUDING BACKUPS NOPROMPT;

 

 

DUPLICATE

Sử dụng backup target database để tạo duplicate database để phục vụ mục đích kiểm thử hay tạo  standby database.

 

RMAN> DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE;

RMAN> DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE TO dwhdb;

RMAN> DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE TO test PFILE=/u01/apps/db/inittest.ora;

RMAN> DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE TO devdb NOFILENAMECHECK;

RMAN> DUPLICATE DATABASE 'prod' DBID 139525561 TO 'dupdb' NOFILENAMECHECK;

RMAN> DUPLICATE DATABASE TO "cscp" NOFILENAMECHECK BACKUP LOCATION '/apps/oracle/backup';

RMAN> DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE TO dup FROM ACTIVE DATABASE NOFILENAMECHECK PASSWORD FILE SPFILE;

 

RMAN> DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE TO dupdb

  LOGFILE GROUP 1 ('?/dbs/dupdb_log_1_1.f','?/dbs/dupdb_log_1_2.f') SIZE 200K, GROUP 2 ('?/dbs/dupdb_log_2_1.f','?/dbs/dupdb_log_2_2.f') SIZE 200K REUSE;

RMAN> DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE TO dup FOR STANDBY FROM ACTIVE DATABASE PASSWORD FILE SPFILE PARAMETER_VALUE_CONVERT '/disk1', '/disk2'

  SET DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT '/disk1','/disk2'

  SET LOG_FILE_NAME_CONVERT '/disk1','/disk2'

  SET SGA_MAX_SIZE 200M SET SGA_TARGET 125M;

 

 

RMAN> DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE FOR STANDBY NOFILENAMECHECK;

RMAN> DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE FOR STANDBY FROM ACTIVE DATABASE;

RMAN> DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE FOR STANDBY FROM ACTIVE DATABASE NOFILENAMECHECK;

RMAN> DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE FOR STANDBY FROM ACTIVE DATABASE

  SPFILE PARAMETER_VALUE_CONVERT '/stg/','/muc/'

  SET "DB_UNIQUE_NAME"="muc"

  SET LOG_FILE_NAME_CONVERT '/stg/','/muc/'

  SET DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT '/stg/','/muc/'

  DORECOVER;

RMAN> DUPLICATE DATABASE TO newdb

  UNTIL RESTORE POINT firstquart12

  DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT='/u01/prod1/dbfiles/','/u01/newdb/dbfiles'

  PFILE = '/u01/newdb/admin/init.ora';

 

 

SWITCH

Xác định rằng 1 datafile được chuyển sang vị trí mới , báo cho control file cập nhật vị trí mới. Tương đương với lệnh ALTER DATABASE RENAME FILE được áp dụng cho các datafile.

RMAN> SWITCH DATABASE TO COPY;

RMAN> SWITCH TABLESPACE users TO COPY;

RMAN> SWITCH DATAFILE ALL;

RMAN> SWITCH DATAFILE '/disk1/tols.dbf' TO DATAFILECOPY '/disk2/tols.copy';

RMAN> SWITCH DATAFILE "+DG_OLD/db/datafile/sysaux.260.699468081" TO COPY;

RMAN> SWITCH TEMPFILE 1;

RMAN> SWITCH TEMPFILE 1 TO '/newdisk/dbs/temp1.f';

RMAN> SWITCH TEMPFILE ALL; 

RMAN> SWITCH CLONE DATAFILE ALL;

 

 

CATALOG

Bổ sung thông tin về file copies và user-managed backups cho catalog repository.

RMAN> CATALOG DATAFILECOPY '/disk1/old_datafiles/01_10_2009/users01.dbf';

RMAN> CATALOG DATAFILECOPY '/disk2/backup/users01.bkp' LEVEL 0;

RMAN> CATALOG CONTROLFILECOPY '/disk3/backup/cf_copy.bkp';

RMAN> CATALOG ARCHIVELOG '/disk1/arch1_731.dbf', '/disk1/arch1_732.dbf';

RMAN> CATALOG BACKUPPIECE '/disk1/c-874220581-20090428-01';

RMAN> CATALOG LIKE '/backup';

RMAN> CATALOG START WITH '/fs2/arch';

RMAN> CATALOG START WITH '/disk2/archlog' NOPROMPT;

RMAN> CATALOG START WITH '+dg2';

RMAN> CATALOG RECOVERY AREA;

 

 

 

ALLOCATE

Thiết lập 1 channel, kết nối giữa RMAN và 1 database instance.

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL c1 DEVICE TYPE sbt;

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL ch DEVICE TYPE DISK FORMAT ‘C:\ORACLEBKP\DB_U%’;

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL t1 DEVICE TYPE DISK CONNECT 'sys/pwd@bkp1’;

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL c1 DEVICE TYPE sbt PARMS 'ENV=(OB_MEDIA_FAMILY=wholedb_mf)';

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL t1 DEVICE TYPE sbt PARMS 'ENV=(OB_DEVICE_1=tape1, OB_DEVICE_2=tape3)';

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL t1 TYPE 'sbt_tape' PARMS='SBT_LIBRARY=/usr/openv/netbackup/bin/libobk.so.1';

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL t1 TYPE 'sbt_tape' SEND "NB_ORA_CLIENT=CLIENT_MACHINE_NAME";

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL 'dev1' TYPE 'sbt_tape' PARMS 'ENV=OB2BARTYPE=ORACLE8, OB2APPNAME=ORCL, OB2BARLIST=MACHINENAME_ORCL_ARCHLOGS)';

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL y1 TYPE DISK RATE 70M;

RMAN> ALLOCATE AUXILIARY CHANNEL ac1 TYPE DISK;

RMAN> ALLOCATE AUXILIARY CHANNEL ac2 DEVICE TYPE sbt;

 

ALLOCATE CHANNEL FOR MAINTENANCE - cấp phát 1 channel để chuẩn bị cho lệnh bảo trì ví dụ như DELETE.

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL FOR MAINTENANCE DEVICE TYPE DISK;

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL FOR MAINTENANCE DEVICE TYPE DISK FORMAT "/disk2/%U";

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL FOR MAINTENANCE DEVICE TYPE DISK CONNECT '@test1';

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL FOR MAINTENANCE DEVICE TYPE sbt;

RMAN> ALLOCATE CHANNEL FOR MAINTENANCE DEVICE TYPE sbt PARMS 'SBT_LIBRARY=/usr/local/oracle/backup/lib/libobk.so, ENV=(OB_DEVICE_1=tape2)';

 

 

RELEASE CHANNEL

Giải phóng 1 channel mà được cấp phát cùng với ALLOCATE CHANNEL hoặc lệnh ALLOCATE CHANNEL FOR MAINTENANCE

RMAN> RELEASE CHANNEL;

RMAN> RELEASE CHANNEL c1;

 

 

BLOCKRECOVER

Được phục hồi các corrupted blocks

RMAN> BLOCKRECOVER CORRUPTION LIST;

RMAN> BLOCKRECOVER DATAFILE 8 BLOCK 22;

RMAN> BLOCKRECOVER DATAFILE 7 BLOCK 233,235 DATAFILE 4 BLOCK 101;

RMAN> BLOCKRECOVER DATAFILE 2 BLOCK 12,13 DATAFILE 3 BLOCK 5,98,99 DATAFILE 4 BLOCK 19;

RMAN> BLOCKRECOVER DATAFILE 3 BLOCK 2,4,5 TABLESPACE sales DBA 4194405,4194412 FROM DATAFILECOPY;

RMAN> BLOCKRECOVER TABLESPACE dwh DBA 4194404,4194405 FROM TAG "weekly";

RMAN> BLOCKRECOVER TABLESPACE dwh DBA 94404 RESTORE UNTIL TIME 'SYSDATE-2';

 

 

 

ADVISE FAILURE (Với Oracle 11g R1)

Hiển thị các lựa chọn của lệnh repair

RMAN> ADVISE FAILURE;

RMAN> ADVISE FAILURE 555, 242;

RMAN> ADVISE FAILURE ALL;

RMAN> ADVISE FAILURE CRITICAL;

RMAN> ADVISE FAILURE HIGH;

RMAN> ADVISE FAILURE LOW;

RMAN> ADVISE FAILURE HIGH EXCLUDE FAILURE 625;

 

 

 

REPAIR FAILURE (From Oracle 11g R1)

Sửa 1 hoặc nhiều bản ghi lỗi trong kho phát hiện tự động của Oracle

RMAN> REPAIR FAILURE;

RMAN> REPAIR FAILURE PREVIEW;

RMAN> REPAIR FAILURE NOPROMPT;

RMAN> REPAIR FAILURE USING ADVISE OPTION integer;

 

 

VALIDATE

Kiểm tra bản backup set và report lại đảm bảo dữ liệu còn nguyên vẹn hay không phục vụ cho việc có thể khôi phục được dữ liệu hay không. RMAN sẽ quét mọi  backup pieces trong các  ackup sets và checksums để kiểm tra dữ liệu backup có phục vụ restore thành công hay không

RMAN> VALIDATE BACKUPSET 218;

RMAN> VALIDATE BACKUPSET 3871, 3890;

RMAN> VALIDATE DATABASE; -- 11g R1

RMAN> VALIDATE CHECK LOGICAL DATABASE;

RMAN> VALIDATE SKIP INACCESSIBLE DATABASE;

RMAN> VALIDATE COPY OF DATABASE;

RMAN> VALIDATE TABLESPACE dwh;

RMAN> VALIDATE COPY OF TABLESPACE dwh;

RMAN> VALIDATE DATAFILE 2;

RMAN> VALIDATE DATAFILE 4,8;

RMAN> VALIDATE DATAFILE 4 BLOCK 56;

RMAN> VALIDATE DATAFILE 8 SECTION SIZE = 200M;

RMAN> VALIDATE CURRENT CONTROLFILE;

RMAN> VALIDATE SPFILE;

RMAN> VALIDATE RECOVERY FILES;

RMAN> VALIDATE RECOVERY AREA;

RMAN> VALIDATE DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST;

 

 

SPOOL

Ghi RMAN output ra log file.

RMAN> SPOOL LOG TO '/tmp/spool.log';

RMAN> SPOOL LOG TO '/tmp/backup.log' APPEND;

RMAN> SPOOL LOG OFF;

 

run

Thực thi tuần tự của một hoặc nhiều lệnh RMAN, lệnh được đặt trong dấu { ...}

RMAN> run {

ALLOCATE CHANNEL c1 TYPE DISK FORMAT '/orabak/%U';

BACKUP TABLESPACE users;

}

RMAN> run {

  ALLOCATE CHANNEL c1 TYPE DISK FORMAT '&1/%U';

  BACKUP TABLESPACE &2;

}

RMAN> run

{

  ALLOCATE CHANNEL dev1 DEVICE TYPE DISK FORMAT '/fs1/%U';

  ALLOCATE CHANNEL dev2 DEVICE TYPE DISK FORMAT '/fs2/%U'; 

  BACKUP(TABLESPACE system,fin,mark FILESPERSET 20) (DATAFILE 2,3,6);

}

 

 

CREATE SCRIPT

Tạo 1 stored script và  lưu trong recovery catalog.

 

RMAN> CREATE SCRIPT backup_whole

COMMENT "backup whole database and archived redo log files"

{BACKUP INCREMENTAL LEVEL 0 TAG backup_whole FORMAT "/disk2/backup/%U" DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;}

 

RMAN> CREATE SCRIPT backup_ts_users

COMMENT 'tablespace users backup'

{ALLOCATE CHANNEL c1 TYPE DISK FORMAT 'c:\temp\%U';

BACKUP TABLESPACE users;}

 

RMAN> CREATE SCRIPT df {BACKUP DATAFILE &1 TAG &2.1 FORMAT '/disk1/&3_%U';}

RMAN> CREATE SCRIPT backup_ts_users FROM FILE 'backup_ts_users.rman';

RMAN> CREATE GLOBAL SCRIPT gl_backup_db {BACKUP DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;}

RMAN> CREATE GLOBAL SCRIPT backup_db

COMMENT "back up any database from the recovery catalog, with logs"

{BACKUP DATABASE;}

 

 

 

PRINT SCRIPT

Hiển thị stored script.

RMAN> PRINT SCRIPT backup_db;

RMAN> PRINT GLOBAL SCRIPT backup_db;

RMAN> PRINT GLOBAL SCRIPT gl_backup_db TO FILE "/tmp/gl_backupdb.rman";

 

 

 

REPLACE SCRIPT

Thay thế script stored đã có trong recovery catalog. Nếu script không tồn tại, thì REPLACE SCRIPT được tạo mới.

RMAN> REPLACE SCRIPT backup_db {BACKUP DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;}

RMAN> REPLACE SCRIPT df {BACKUP DATAFILE &1 TAG &2.1 FORMAT '&3_%U';}

RMAN> REPLACE GLOBAL SCRIPT backup_db {BACKUP DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;}

RMAN> REPLACE GLOBAL SCRIPT gl_full_bkp FROM FILE '/tmp/script_file.txt';

 

 

 

EXECUTE SCRIPT

Chạy 1 RMAN stored script.

RMAN> RUN {EXECUTE SCRIPT backup_whole;}

RMAN> RUN {EXECUTE SCRIPT backup_ts_any USING 'example';}

RMAN> RUN {EXECUTE SCRIPT backup_df USING 3 test_backup df3;}

RMAN> RUN {EXECUTE GLOBAL SCRIPT global_backup_db;}

 

 

DELETE SCRIPT

Xoá 1 stored script từ recovery catalog.

RMAN> DELETE SCRIPT backup_db;

RMAN> DELETE GLOBAL SCRIPT global_backup_db;

 

 

 

FLASHBACK DATABASE 

Khôi phục database to về 1 trạng thái nào đó (ví dụ before_update) hay 1 SCN, 1 time nào đó

RMAN> FLASHBACK DATABASE TO SCN 411010;

RMAN> FLASHBACK DATABASE TO RESTORE POINT 'before_update';

 

 

TRANSPORT TABLESPACE 

Tạo transportable tablespace  từ backup cho 1 hoặc nhiều tablespaces.

RMAN> TRANSPORT TABLESPACE example, tools

TABLESPACE DESTINATION '/disk1/trans' AUXILIARY DESTINATION '/disk1/aux' UNTIL TIME 'SYSDATE-15/1440';

RMAN> TRANSPORT TABLESPACE exam

TABLESPACE DESTINATION '/disk1/trans' AUXILIARY DESTINATION '/disk1/aux' DATAPUMP DIRECTORY dpdir DUMP FILE 'dmpfile.dmp' IMPORT SCRIPT 'impscript.sql' EXPORT LOG 'explog.log';

 

 

 

CONVERT

Chuyển định dạng datafile từ transporting tablespaces and databases across platforms.

RMAN> CONVERT DATABASE NEW DATABASE 'prodwin' TRANSPORT SCRIPT '/tmp/convertdb/transportscript' TO PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)' DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT '/disk1/oracle/dbs','/tmp/convertdb';

RMAN> CONVERT DATABASE ON DESTINATION PLATFORM CONVERT SCRIPT '/tmp/convertdb/convertscript.rman' TRANSPORT SCRIPT '/tmp/convertdb/transportscript.sql' NEW DATABASE 'prodwin' FORMAT '/tmp/convertdb/%U';

RMAN> CONVERT DATABASE ON DESTINATION PLATFORM CONVERT SCRIPT '/tmp/convert_newdb.rman' TRANSPORT SCRIPT '/tmp/transport_newdb.sql' NEW DATABASE 'prodaix' DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT '/u01/oradata/datafile','+DATA';

 

RMAN> CONVERT TABLESPACE tbs_2 FORMAT '/tmp/tbs_2_%U.df';

RMAN> CONVERT TABLESPACE fin, hr TO PLATFORM 'Solaris[tm] OE (32-bit)';

RMAN> CONVERT TABLESPACE fin, hr TO PLATFORM 'Solaris[tm] OE (32-bit)' FORMAT '/tmp/transport_to_solaris/%U';

 

RMAN> CONVERT DATAFILE '/disk1/oracle/dbs/tbs_f1.df', '/disk1/oracle/dbs/ax1.f' FORMAT '+DATAFILE';

RMAN> CONVERT DATAFILE '/u01/oradata/datafile/system.dbf' FROM PLATFORM 'Linux x86 64-bit' FORMAT '+DATA/system.dbf';

RMAN> CONVERT DATAFILE

'/tmp/from_solaris/fin/fin01.dbf', '/tmp/from_solaris/fin/fin02.dbf',

'/tmp/from_solaris/hr/hr01.dbf', '/tmp/from_solaris/hr/hr02.dbf'

DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT '/tmp/from_solaris/fin','/disk2/orahome/dbs/fin', '/tmp/from_solaris/hr','/disk2/orahome/dbs/hr'

FROM PLATFORM 'Solaris[tm] OE (64-bit)';

 

 

RMAN> CONVERT DATAFILE '/tmp/PSMN.dbf' TO PLATFORM='Solaris Operating System (x86-64)' FROM PLATFORM='Solaris[tm] OE (64-bit)' 

FORMAT '/tmp/test/%N.dbf' DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT='/ui/prod/oracle/oradata/SEARCHP/data/', '/tmp/test';

 

 

EXIT hay QUIT

Thoát màn hinh RMAN

 

RMAN> exit;

RMAN> quit;

 

 

SEND

Sử chuỗi  tới 1 hoặc nhiều channel

RMAN> SEND 'OB_DEVICE tape1';

 

 

 

HOST

Chạy lệnh hệ điều hành hoặc subshell với RMAN:

RMAN> HOST;

RMAN> HOST 'ls -lt /disk2/*';

RMAN> HOST '/bin/mv $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/*.arc /disk2/archlog/';


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